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12 May 2024, 09:00

Belarus celebrates National Flag and Emblem Day

MINSK, 12 May (BelTA) – Belarus celebrates National Flag and Emblem Day on 12 May this year.

The holiday was established by a decree of the President of Belarus in 1995 and is celebrated on the second Sunday of May. 

According to Article 19 of the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus the symbols of Belarus as a sovereign state are the national flag, the national emblem and the national anthem.

These are the symbols of historical memory that bind together the heroic past, present and future of the Belarusian state. They are the most important attributes of the sovereignty and independence of the Fatherland.
The standard of the National Emblem and the regulation on the National Flag were approved by a decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus of 7 June 1995 following the national referendum of 14 May 1995.
The Law "On State Symbols of the Republic of Belarus" was adopted on 5 July 2004. It defines the description and procedure for their use. The last changes to the image of the State Emblem of the Republic of Belarus were approved in January 2021.

On 12 April 2023, the president signed Decree No.105 to change the name of the holiday from "The Day of the State Emblem of the Republic of Belarus and the State Flag of the Republic of Belarus" to "The Day of the State Flag, State Emblem and National Anthem of the Republic of Belarus".

The National Emblem of the Republic of Belarus is a green outline of the country superimposed on the golden rays of the sun rising above the globe. Above the green outline is a five-pointed red star. The emblem is framed by a wreath of golden rye ears, interlaced with clover flowers on the right and flax flowers on the left. Spikes are wrapped with a red-green ribbon with a golden inscription “The Republic of Belarus” at the bottom. The image on the emblem embodies the best qualities of the Belarusian people - diligence, aspiration for freedom and patriotism.
The National Flag of the Republic of Belarus is a rectangular cloth, which consists of two horizontally placed colored stripes of red and green. The Belarusian national red and white ornament is placed vertically near the flagstaff.

The red color on the flag symbolizes strength, courage, nobility, energy; green - hope, health, youth, revival, diligence, creation, natural harmony; white - purity,  reconciliation, wisdom, knowledge.

The National Anthem of the Republic of Belarus is a musical and poetic piece performed on solemn occasions, the list of which is described in the legislation. The National Anthem glorifies the desire of the Belarusian people to live in peace, their diligence, readiness to defend their native land. The music for the anthem was written by the Belarusian composer N.F. Sokolovsky, the lyrics were written by the Belarusian poets M.N. Klimkovich and V.I. Karizna.

Belarus has a State Flag Square, located at the intersection of Pobeditelei Avenue and Orlovskaya Street in Minsk. Its grand opening took place on 2 July 2013. The square is a circle with a radius of 50 meters with a granite pedestal in the center, where the flagpole with the national flag is placed. There are seven granite steles with the emblems of the Belarusian regions and Minsk along the walkway. Symmetrically on both sides of the stairs are steles with the text of the National Anthem and a geographical map of Belarus.
On 12 May, the State Flag Square will host a solemn ceremony to honor the country's national symbols.
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