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01 March 2021, 17:20

Pompeii dig yields near-intact chariot

Archaeologists work on Saturday on an ancient ceremonial carriage uncovered at a dig near the Roman city of Pompeii.
Archaeologists work on Saturday on an ancient ceremonial carriage uncovered at a dig near the Roman city of Pompeii.

ROME, 1 March (BelTA - China Daily) - An ornate Roman chariot has been discovered near the buried city of Pompeii and is "almost intact", the archaeological park announced on Saturday, calling it a discovery with "no parallel" in the country.

The four-wheeled processional carriage was found in the portico to stables where the remains of three horses were unearthed in 2018, including one still in its harness.

Pompeii was buried in boiling lava when Mount Vesuvius erupted in AD 79, killing between 2,000 and 15,000 people.

"A large ceremonial chariot with four wheels, along with its iron components, beautiful bronze and tin decorations, mineralized wood remains and imprints of organic materials (from the ropes to the remains of floral decoration), has been discovered almost intact," the archaeological park said.

"This is an exceptional discovery … which has no parallel in Italy thus far-in an excellent state of preservation."

The excavation site is known as the Civita Giuliana, a suburban villa that lies just a few hundred meters from the ancient city of Pompeii.

The excavation is part of a program aimed at fighting illegal activity in the area, including tunnel digging to reach artifacts that can be sold on illicit markets.

Looters missed the room where the chariot had lain for almost 2,000 years, tunneling by on both sides, the park said.

Specialists took great care to unearth the vehicle, for example by pouring plaster into voids "to preserve the imprint of any organic material" that had decomposed, it said.

This had allowed it to emerge well preserved down to the imprints of ropes, "thus revealing the chariot in all of its complexity", the park said.

'Continue to amaze'

The Culture Minister, Dario Franceschini, was quoted as saying: "Pompeii continues to amaze with all of its discoveries, and it will continue to do so for many years yet, with 20 hectares still to be excavated."

The outgoing director of the park, Massimo Osanna, said: "It is an extraordinary discovery for the advancement of our knowledge of the ancient world. What we have is a ceremonial chariot, probably the pilentum referred to by some sources, which was employed not for everyday use or for agricultural transport, but to accompany community festivities, parades and processions."

Pompeii's remarkably well-preserved remains have slowly been uncovered by teams of archaeological specialists.

It is Italy's third-most visited tourist site, drawing more than 3.9 million visitors in 2019.

The ancient city was closed after the coronavirus struck, and it reopened on Jan 18.

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