MINSK, 22 February (BelTA) – According to the new report of the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Every Child Alive: The urgent need to end newborn deaths, Belarus ranked among top ten countries with the lowest infant mortality rate, BelTA learned from the UNICEF website.
The report says that Japan is the safest place to be born. Only 1 in 1,111 babies dies there. Japan is followed Iceland, Singapore, Finland, Estonia, Slovenia, and Cyprus. Belarus placed eighth with the mortality rate of 1 in 667 newborns. Luxembourg, Norway and South Korea have the same infant mortality rate as Belarus.
Pakistan is the riskiest place to be born. According to the report, a staggering 1 in 22 babies dies.
According to the report, the global newborn mortality rate remains alarmingly high, especially in the poorest countries. Babies born in Japan, Iceland and Singapore stand the best chance of surviving, while newborns in Pakistan, Central African Republic and Afghanistan face the worst odds.
Of the 10 countries with the highest newborn mortality rates, eight are in sub-Saharan Africa and two are in South Asia. In these countries, crises including conflict, natural disasters, instability and poor governance have often impaired health systems and hampered the ability of policymakers to formulate and implement policies that promote newborn survival. If every country brought its newborn mortality rate down to the high-income average, or below, by 2030, 16 million newborn lives could be saved.
According to the report, more than 80 per cent of newborn deaths are the result of premature birth, complications during labor and delivery and infections such as sepsis and pneumonia. Those deaths could have been prevented with basic solutions such as affordable, quality health care delivered by well-trained doctors, nurses and midwives, antenatal and postnatal nutrition for mother and baby, and clean water.
UNICEF is launching a global campaign titled Every Child Alive. It is a call on governments, healthcare workers, sponsors, businessmen, and families to take all the possible measures for every child to stay alive after birth.More about Society