Born in the town of Kopys, Orsha District, Vitebsk Oblast on 30 August 1954, Alexander Lukashenko graduated from the Mogilev State Pedagogical University named after A.A. Kuleshov in 1975 and from the Belarusian Agricultural Academy in 1985. In 1975-1977 he worked as an instructor of the political department of the Western Border District. In 1977-1978 he worked as a secretary of the Komsomol Committee of the Food Trade Department of Mogilev, an instructor of the Oktyabrsky District Executive Committee of Mogilev. In 1978-1990 he worked as an executive secretary of the Knowledge Society in the town of Shklov, deputy commander for politics of a company in a military unit, deputy head of the collective farm Udarnik, Shklov District, deputy director of the construction materials factory in Shklov, secretary of the Communist Party committee of the state farm named after V.I. Lenin, director of the agricultural enterprise Gorodets, Shklov District.
In 1990 Alexander Lukashenko was elected member of the parliament of the Republic of Belarus. He was in charge of the commission tasked with examining the operation of commercial structures set up by government agencies under the Supreme Council of the Republic of Belarus. On 10 July 1994 he was elected president of the Republic of Belarus. On 9 September 2001 he was elected president of the Republic of Belarus for the second term. On 19 March 2006 Alexander Lukashenko was elected president of the Republic of Belarus for the third term. On 19 December 2010 he was elected president of the Republic of Belarus for the fourth term. On 11 October 2015 he was elected President of the Republic of Belarus for the fifth term. Alexander Lukashenko is the commander in chief of the Belarusian army and is the head of the Security Council of the Republic of Belarus. Apart from that, he is the President of the National Olympic Committee of Belarus. In 1997 Alexander Lukashenko was elected Chairman of the Supreme State Council of the Union State of Belarus and Russia. In 2005-2006 and in 2008 he worked as the Chairman of the Interstate Council of the Eurasian Economic Community.
In 1995 Alexander Lukashenko was elected academician emeritus of the Russian Academy of Social Sciences. His awards include an Order of Saint Andrew the Apostle the First-Called (1996), an Order of the Cross of Venerable Euphrosyne of Polotsk 1st degree (1998), an Order of Jose Marti (Cuba's top award, 2000), a Russian order For Service to the Homeland 2nd degree (2011), an Order of Venerable Sergius of Radonezh 1st degree (2002), an Honorable Cross of the French Resistance (2004), an Order of Saint Righteous Grand Duke Dmitry Donskoy 1st degree (2005), an Order of the Sanctifier Kirill of Turov (2006), a Star of the Order of Michael the Archangel (2007), an Order of Saint Grand Equal-To-The-Apostles Duke Vladimir 1st degree (2007), Venezuela's supreme award Order of the Liberator (2007), an Order of Francisco de Miranda 1st class for services to Venezuela (2010).
Alexander Lukashenko is a laureate of the Andrew the First-Called Prize (1996), the International M.A. Sholokhov Award (1997), the International Award of Saint Cyril and Methodius (2000) , the award for outstanding efforts to strengthen the unity of orthodox nations (2001), the international award Honorable Patron of Arts and Benefactor of the World 2005 (2006). Alexander Lukashenko was awarded a certificate of merit of the Eurasian Economic Community (2006), a special award of the European Olympic Committee for an outstanding contribution to the Olympic movement (2008). He was awarded the title of doctor honoris causa of the Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv (2009). An honorary citizen of Caracas (2010). A doctor honoris causa of the Slavonic University of Baku (2010).